Plants & Animals

Common Poisonous Plants of Florida

Prevention:
Find out the names of your house and yard plants. Call the Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222 to see if your plants are toxic. Below is a partial list of common poisonous plants.

Recommended First Aid Steps:

  1. Remove all plant pieces from mouth.
  2. Rinse mouth and lips with cool water.
  3. Offer sips of water to drink.
  4. Wash hands with soap and water.
  5. Call the Poison Center immediately at 1-800-222-1222.

Plant Group [poison type] Plant Common Name Location
Description and Symptoms
Oxalate Arrowhead, Dieffenbachia, Caladium, Philodendron, Peace Lily, Pothos These are mostly outdoor ornamental plants
Contain oxalate crystals in their stems, roots and leaves. Needlelike crystals cause immediate pain, burning and irritation in the lips, mouth and throat. Can cause slurred speech.
Cardiac Glycoside Oleander, Lily of the Valley, Foxglove These are mostly outdoor ornamental plants
All parts, especially oleander, are poisonous. Some skin irritation is possible through contact, most poisonings occur by eating or chewing the plant, or by breathing in smoke from burning plants. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, dizziness, low blood pressure, slow heart rate and seizures.
Toxalbumin, Ricin Castor Beans, Rosary Pea These are mostly outdoor ornamental plants
Ingestion, specifically when chewed or split open, can cause severe symptoms, including vomiting, diarrhea, burning/corroding the esophagus, shock, multi-organ failure (liver, kidneys, respiratory failure)
Colchicine Glory Lily, Autumn crocus These are mostly outdoor ornamental plants
Ingestion can cause severe symptoms, including vomiting, diarrhea, fever, shock, multi-organ failure (liver, kidneys, respiratory failure)
Triterpenoid Common Lantana, Chinaberry These are mostly outdoor ornamental plants
All parts can be poisonous and can cause skin irritation. However, the berries are most poisonous and, if eaten, symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, fever, seizures and shallow or difficult breathing.
Gastro-Intestinal Croton, Poinsettia, American Holly These are mostly outdoor ornamental plants
All parts can cause skin irritation and/or rash from milky sap inside. If eaten in quantity, symptoms include nausea and/or diarrhea.
Anti cholinergic Angel’s Trumpet These are mostly outdoor ornamental plants
When flowers, leaves or seeds are eaten or ingested as a brewed tea, symptoms include hallucinations, dry mouth, muscle weakness, increased blood pressure and pulse, fever, dilated pupils, paralysis.
Skin Irritant Poison Ivy, Brazilian Pepper These are mostly outdoor wild plants
Poison Ivy, especially, causes acute symptoms in some people, including severe skin redness, itching, swelling, and blisters following direct or indirect contact. These plants are poisonous if swallowed or smoke from burning plant is inhaled.
Various Wild Mushrooms These are mostly outdoor wild plants
Symptoms vary by species and range from none to severe gastrointestinal distress (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain), to hallucinations, acute renal failure, and death.